The history of Peru dates back to the prehistoric age. Archeologists have found evidence such weapons made out of flint stone in the land that is now Peru. Ruins of ceremonial temples can still be found in some parts of Peru. In the early times, the occupation followed by most Peruvians was weaving, horticulture, or fishing. The first culture that emerged in Peru was the Chavin civilization.
The first monumental temples were built by the Chavins, but there seems to be no evidence of a middle class society existing during their time. The coastal region saw the emergence of the Parcas during 300 BC. People of this culture produced textile fiber not only from cotton but also from vicuña. Other cultures that flourished were the Moche and the Nazca. Moches were known to produce impressive metal work and fine pottery. The Nazcas were good at producing textiles.
Constant floods and droughts caused these cultures to decline. The Huari and Tiwanku cultures, which dwelled in the inlands, became prominent due to their vigorous military conquerors who built and maintained important outposts throughout Peru. In 1531, the Spanish landed in Peru, and it became the prime territory of the Incas civilization. The Spanish gradually colonized all of Peru and received tributes from the Peruvian population. Even though the Spanish allotted a piece of land to Christianity converts, the owner was still the King of Spain.
Fransisco Pizarro was a Spanish explorer who arrived in Peru to explore the Inca wealth. Pizarro was assassinated chavin de huantar and, thus, began the fall of the colonial regime. Viceroyalty soon came into existence, and Lima, which was founded by Pizarro, became the center of viceroyalty. It soon became the aristocratic capital of Peru.
Shortly after, Peru was fighting for independence from colonial rule, and it was the landowners who took this initiative. On July 28, 1821, Peru was declared independent from Spanish colonial rule. After Peru became a republic, it faced many wars. These wars affected Peru negatively, and the government had to initiate social and economic reforms. A series of governments ruled Peru until present times, causing strife with political activities.